How to upload Multiple Multipart Files to AWS S3 and Retrieving URLs with Spring Boot

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Transferring files to AWS S3 from a Spring Boot application has become remarkably straightforward. In the ever-evolving landscape of web development, efficiently managing file uploads is a ubiquitous necessity for numerous applications. Amazon Simple Storage Service (AWS S3) distinguishes itself among various cloud storage solutions due to its dependability and scalability. This blog post will extensively cover the process of uploading multiple multipart files to AWS S3 through Spring Boot. Furthermore, we will delve into the retrieval of corresponding URLs, offering you a resilient solution for file management within your Spring Boot applications.


Before embarking on the journey of implementing file uploads to AWS S3, ensure you have the following prerequisites in place:

  1. AWS Account: Make sure you have an AWS account and obtain the necessary credentials, including the Access Key ID and Secret Access Key, with the required S3 permissions.
  2. Spring Boot Project: Set up a Spring Boot project with dependencies for the AWS SDK, Spring Web, and Multipart File Handling.

Step 1: Configuring AWS SDK in your Spring Boot Application:

Begin by adding the AWS SDK for Java dependency to your project. If you are using Maven, include the following snippet in your pom.xml:


Next, create a configuration class to set up the AWS S3 client. This class will fetch the necessary credentials and region information from the file:

public class AmazonS3Config {

    private String accessKey;

    private String secretKey;

    private String region;

    public S3Client s3Client() {
        return S3Client.builder()
                .credentialsProvider(StaticCredentialsProvider.create(AwsBasicCredentials.create(accessKey, secretKey)))

Make sure to provide the necessary properties in your


Step 2: Implementing File Upload Controller:

Create a controller class to handle file uploads. Utilize the @RequestParam("files") MultipartFile[] files annotation to handle multiple files:

public class FileUploadController {

    private S3Client s3Client;

    private String bucketName;

    public ResponseEntity<List<String>> uploadFiles(@RequestParam("files") MultipartFile[] files) {
        List<String> fileUrls = new ArrayList<>();

        Arrays.asList(files).forEach(file -> {
            String fileName = StringUtils.cleanPath(file.getOriginalFilename());
            String fileUrl = uploadFileToS3(fileName, file);

        return ResponseEntity.ok(fileUrls);

    private String uploadFileToS3(String fileName, MultipartFile file) {
        try {
            PutObjectResponse response = s3Client.putObject(PutObjectRequest.builder()
                    .build(), RequestBody.fromBytes(file.getBytes()));

            return s3Client.utilities().getUrl(GetUrlRequest.builder()
        } catch (IOException e) {
            // Handle exception
            return null;

Make sure to provide the S3 bucket name in your



In conclusion, this blog post has provided an in-depth exploration of the process of uploading multiple multipart files to AWS S3 using Spring Boot. By configuring the AWS SDK, implementing a file upload controller, and leveraging the S3 client, you can efficiently handle file uploads and obtain the corresponding URLs. This seamless integration of Spring Boot and AWS S3 offers a scalable and reliable solution for managing file storage in your applications.

Additional Considerations:

1. Exception Handling:

Enhance the robustness of your application by implementing appropriate exception handling. The provided code snippets include a basic try-catch block for handling IOException. Depending on your application’s requirements, you may need to implement more comprehensive error handling.

2. Frontend Integration:

To complete the file upload process, integrate the backend code with your frontend application. Implement a user-friendly interface to allow users to select and upload multiple files. You can use popular frontend frameworks like React, Angular, or Vue.js for a seamless user experience.

3. Security Considerations:

Ensure that your file upload functionality is secure. Implement proper validation to verify the uploaded files’ authenticity and prevent security vulnerabilities, such as file injection attacks. Additionally, consider implementing user authentication and authorization mechanisms to control access to sensitive files.

By addressing these additional considerations, you can create a robust and secure file upload system that meets the specific needs of your Spring Boot application.